A REVIEW OF THE USE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN COMBATING COVID-19

  • Ayo F. BALOGUN Department of Chemistry, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba, Kogi State
  • Dauda T. OLAOLUWA 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Ede, P.M.B. 231, Ede, Nigeria
  • Joel E. AKOR Department of Chemistry, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba. P.M.B. 242, Nigeria.
  • Fatima I. AYEGBA 3Department of Agricultural Education, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba. P.M.B. 242, Nigeria.
  • Godwin JOHN 1Department of Chemistry, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba. P.M.B. 242, Nigeria.
  • Olubukola ENIOLORUNDA4 Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba. P.M.B. 242, Nigeria.
  • Victor ADUH Department of Computer Science, Kogi State College of Education (Technical), Kabba. P.M.B. 242, Nigeria.
Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, nanotechnology, nanotherapeutics, nanomaterials

Abstract

Coronavirus (COVID-19) has captured the world's attention by causing local outbreaks and global pandemics, and has dramatically challenged the healthcare system of almost all countries. The authorities are struggling to minimize the mortality while ameliorating the economic downturn as no specific antiviral treatment has been confirmed. In this article, we discuss perspectives of nanotechnology for increasing the specificity and sensitivity of current interventional platforms towards the urgent need of quick deployable solutions. This review recapitulates the recent involvement of nanotechnology from the development of a biosensor to fabrication of a multifunctional nanohybrid system for respiratory and deadly viruses, along with the recent interventions and current understanding about severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In addition to disease prevention and therapeutic potential, nanotechnology has important roles in diagnostics, with potential to support the development of simple, fast, and cost-effective nanotechnology-based assays to monitor the presence of SARSCoV-2 and related biomarkers. In conclusion, nanotechnology is critical in counteracting COVID-19 and will be vital when preparing for future pandemics outbreak.

Published
2021-06-18